Chemical Properties of Pentane (CAS 109-66-0)

Pentane

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InChI
InChI=1S/C5H12/c1-3-5-4-2/h3-5H2,1-2H3
InChI Key
OFBQJSOFQDEBGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Formula
C5H12
SMILES
CCCCC
Molecular Weight1
72.15
CAS
109-66-0
Other Names
  • Amyl hydride
  • NSC 72415
  • Pentan
  • Pentanen
  • Pentani
  • Skellysolve A
  • n-C5H12
  • n-Pentane
Sources

Physical Properties

Property Value Unit Source
Δcgas -3535.40 ± 0.96 kJ/mol NIST
Δcgas -3536.60 ± 0.88 kJ/mol NIST
Δcliquid -3509.00 ± 0.46 kJ/mol NIST
Δcliquid -3509.50 ± 0.59 kJ/mol NIST
Δcliquid -3509.20 ± 0.75 kJ/mol NIST
Δf -8.78 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δfgas -146.80 ± 0.59 kJ/mol NIST
Δfgas -147.10 ± 1.00 kJ/mol NIST
Δfgas -146.40 ± 0.67 kJ/mol NIST
Δfliquid -173.50 ± 0.59 kJ/mol NIST
Δfliquid -173.10 ± 0.67 kJ/mol NIST
Δfus 8.71 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δvap [26.20; 27.40] kJ/mol Show Hide
Δvap 26.75 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.20 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.60 ± 0.10 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.70 ± 0.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.42 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap Outlier 27.40 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 26.20 kJ/mol NIST
IE [10.18; 10.93] eV Show Hide
IE 10.28 ± 0.10 eV NIST
IE 10.37 eV NIST
IE 10.43 eV NIST
IE 10.22 ± 0.05 eV NIST
IE 10.28 ± 0.10 eV NIST
IE 10.18 ± 0.15 eV NIST
IE Outlier 10.93 eV NIST
IE 10.20 ± 0.10 eV NIST
IE 10.50 eV NIST
IE 10.36 eV NIST
IE 10.59 ± 0.05 eV NIST
IE 10.37 eV NIST
IE 10.35 eV NIST
IE Outlier 10.90 ± 0.10 eV NIST
logPoct/wat 2.20 Crippen Calculated Property
Pc [3268.00; 3406.01] kPa Show Hide
Pc 3370.00 ± 20.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3369.00 ± 20.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3360.00 ± 40.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3330.00 ± 50.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3370.00 ± 30.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3360.00 ± 10.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3360.00 ± 20.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3369.00 ± 20.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3369.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3382.00 ± 5.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3363.80 ± 0.33 kPa NIST
Pc 3364.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3380.00 ± 20.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3378.00 ± 3.37 kPa NIST
Pc Outlier 3268.00 ± 101.33 kPa NIST
Pc 3376.35 ± 20.68 kPa NIST
Pc 3375.14 ± 6.07 kPa NIST
Pc 3406.01 ± 20.68 kPa NIST
Pc 3346.40 ± 66.70 kPa NIST
Pc Outlier 3270.00 ± 196.13 kPa NIST
gas 347.82 ± 0.84 J/mol×K NIST
liquid 263.47 J/mol×K NIST
liquid 262.67 J/mol×K NIST
liquid 259.40 J/mol×K NIST
Tboil [301.00; 311.15] K Show Hide
Tboil 309.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.29 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.20 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tboil 308.40 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.19 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.20 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.06 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.35 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 310.25 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.21 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.01 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.55 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.20 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.05 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.45 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 308.65 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 0.15 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 308.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 308.65 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.05 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.40 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.22 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tboil 309.55 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.25 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tboil 309.20 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.65 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.35 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.21 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tboil 309.05 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.15 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 308.95 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.00 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.00 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.35 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 310.15 ± 0.60 K NIST
Tboil 309.16 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 310.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 309.10 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 310.65 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.50 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.50 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.45 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 310.65 ± 1.50 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 309.30 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil Outlier 311.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 310.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.45 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil Outlier 301.00 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.40 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 309.40 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tc [460.30; 470.70] K Show Hide
Tc 469.70 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 469.68 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 466.50 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tc 466.30 ± 4.00 K NIST
Tc 469.74 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tc 469.60 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tc 469.51 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tc 469.70 K NIST
Tc 469.70 K NIST
Tc 469.69 ± 0.04 K NIST
Tc 469.69 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 469.60 K NIST
Tc 469.80 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 470.40 ± 0.04 K NIST
Tc 469.60 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tc 469.70 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tc 469.61 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tc 469.75 ± 0.25 K NIST
Tc 469.49 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 469.55 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 470.70 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tc 469.77 ± 0.06 K NIST
Tc 470.37 ± 1.11 K NIST
Tc 470.40 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tc Outlier 460.30 ± 10.00 K NIST
Tfus [75.40; 144.15] K Show Hide
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.02 K NIST
Tfus Outlier 75.40 ± 0.15 K NIST
Tfus 143.15 ± 1.50 K NIST
Tfus 144.05 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tfus 143.43 ± 0.15 K NIST
Tfus 143.40 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tfus 143.40 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tfus 143.41 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.03 K NIST
Tfus 142.65 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tfus 143.39 ± 0.06 K NIST
Tfus Outlier 80.42 ± 0.04 K NIST
Tfus 143.40 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tfus 143.39 ± 0.02 K NIST
Tfus 143.39 ± 0.06 K NIST
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.03 K NIST
Tfus 143.39 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tfus 143.48 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tfus 143.39 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tfus 143.40 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tfus 143.45 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tfus 143.45 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tfus 144.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tfus 144.05 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tfus 143.00 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tfus 144.15 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tfus 143.42 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tfus 143.45 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tfus 143.22 ± 0.08 K NIST
Tfus 142.35 ± 0.30 K NIST
Ttriple [143.40; 143.48] K Show Hide
Ttriple 143.47 ± 0.03 K NIST
Ttriple 143.45 ± 0.07 K NIST
Ttriple 143.48 ± 0.04 K NIST
Ttriple 143.48 ± 0.05 K NIST
Ttriple 143.47 ± 0.07 K NIST
Ttriple Outlier 143.40 ± 0.30 K NIST
Vc [0.29; 0.31] m3/kg-mol Show Hide
Vc 0.31 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.31 ± 0.00 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.29 ± 0.01 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.31 ± 0.00 m3/kg-mol NIST

Temperature Dependent Properties

Property Value Unit Temperature (K) Source
Cp,gas [120.07; 232.90] J/mol×K [298.15; 700.00] Show Hide
Plot of Ideal gas heat capacity.
Cp,gas 120.07 ± 0.24 J/mol×K 298.15 NIST
Cp,gas 127.84 ± 0.26 J/mol×K 323.15 NIST
Cp,gas 135.90 ± 0.27 J/mol×K 348.15 NIST
Cp,gas 143.95 ± 0.29 J/mol×K 373.15 NIST
Cp,gas 151.92 ± 0.30 J/mol×K 398.15 NIST
Cp,gas 159.67 ± 0.32 J/mol×K 423.15 NIST
Cp,gas 167.37 ± 0.33 J/mol×K 448.15 NIST
Cp,gas 168.11 J/mol×K 450.0 NIST
Cp,gas 174.75 ± 0.35 J/mol×K 473.15 NIST
Cp,gas 181.98 ± 0.36 J/mol×K 498.15 NIST
Cp,gas 182.39 J/mol×K 500.0 NIST
Cp,gas 189.08 ± 0.38 J/mol×K 523.15 NIST
Cp,gas 195.96 J/mol×K 550.0 NIST
Cp,gas 209.23 J/mol×K 600.0 NIST
Cp,gas 221.93 J/mol×K 650.0 NIST
Cp,gas 232.90 J/mol×K 700.0 NIST
Cp,liquid [163.20; 168.60] J/mol×K [290.00; 298.15] Show Hide
Cp,liquid 167.99 J/mol×K 290.0 NIST
Cp,liquid 163.20 J/mol×K 290.0 NIST
Cp,liquid 168.60 J/mol×K 298.0 NIST
Cp,liquid 167.19 J/mol×K 298.15 NIST
η 0.00 Pa×s 313.8 Joback Calculated Property
ΔfusH [8.38; 8.41] kJ/mol [143.40; 143.50] Show Hide
Plot of Enthalpy of fusion at a given temperature.
ΔfusH 8.38 kJ/mol 143.4 NIST
ΔfusH 8.41 kJ/mol 143.46 NIST
ΔfusH 8.40 kJ/mol 143.47 NIST
ΔfusH 8.40 kJ/mol 143.5 NIST
ΔfusH 8.40 kJ/mol 143.5 NIST
ΔsubH 42.00 kJ/mol 143.0 NIST
ΔvapH [8.50; 32.30] kJ/mol [183.00; 460.00] Show Hide
Plot of Enthalpy of vaporization at a given temperature.
ΔvapH 32.30 kJ/mol 183.0 NIST
ΔvapH 29.80 kJ/mol 287.5 NIST
ΔvapH 26.20 kJ/mol 298.15 NIST
ΔvapH 27.90 kJ/mol 305.0 NIST
ΔvapH 25.79 kJ/mol 309.2 NIST
ΔvapH 25.50 kJ/mol 310.0 NIST
ΔvapH 23.00 kJ/mol 350.0 NIST
ΔvapH 26.70 kJ/mol 365.5 NIST
ΔvapH 26.10 kJ/mol 386.0 NIST
ΔvapH 19.70 kJ/mol 390.0 NIST
ΔvapH 15.10 kJ/mol 430.0 NIST
ΔvapH 26.20 kJ/mol 444.0 NIST
ΔvapH 8.50 kJ/mol 460.0 NIST
ΔfusS 58.41 J/mol×K 143.4 NIST
ΔfusS 58.66 J/mol×K 143.46 NIST
ΔfusS 58.56 J/mol×K 143.47 NIST
ΔvapS 87.88 J/mol×K 298.15 NIST

Molecular Descriptors

Joback and Reid Groups
-CH2- 3
-CH3 2

Similar Compounds

2-Pentyl radical. 1-Pentyl radical. 3-Pentyl. 1-Hexyl radical. Cyclopentane. 2-Hexyl radical. Cyclopentyl radical. n-Hexane. Butane. 2-Butyl radical. 1-Butyl radical. Heptane. Cyclohexyl radical. Cyclohexane. 1-Heptyl radical.

Find more compounds similar to Pentane.

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Outlier This icon means that the value is more than 2 standard deviations away from the property mean.