Chemical Properties of Butane (CAS 106-97-8)

Butane

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InChI
InChI=1S/C4H10/c1-3-4-2/h3-4H2,1-2H3
InChI Key
IJDNQMDRQITEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Formula
C4H10
SMILES
CCCC
Molecular Weight1
58.12
CAS
106-97-8
Other Names
  • A 21
  • Butanen
  • Butani
  • Diethyl
  • Freon 600
  • HC 600
  • HC 600 (hydrocarbon)
  • LPG
  • Liquefied petroleum gas
  • Methylethylmethane
  • R 600
  • R 600 (alkane)
  • UN 1011
  • n-Butane
  • n-C4H10
Sources

Physical Properties

Property Value Unit Source
Δcgas -2877.50 ± 0.63 kJ/mol NIST
Δcgas -2876.20 ± 0.63 kJ/mol NIST
Δcgas -2878.30 ± 0.63 kJ/mol NIST
Δf -17.20 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δfgas -125.60 ± 0.67 kJ/mol NIST
Δfgas -127.10 ± 0.67 kJ/mol NIST
Δfus 6.12 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δvap 22.40 kJ/mol NIST
IE [10.35; 11.20] eV Show Hide
IE 10.53 ± 0.02 eV NIST
IE 10.57 eV NIST
IE 10.53 ± 0.10 eV NIST
IE 10.35 ± 0.15 eV NIST
IE 10.60 ± 0.10 eV NIST
IE 10.61 eV NIST
IE 10.87 ± 0.05 eV NIST
IE 10.89 eV NIST
IE 10.67 eV NIST
IE 10.55 ± 0.05 eV NIST
IE 10.50 eV NIST
IE 10.55 ± 0.05 eV NIST
IE 10.63 ± 0.03 eV NIST
IE 11.09 eV NIST
IE 11.20 eV NIST
IE 11.20 ± 0.10 eV NIST
logPoct/wat 1.81 Crippen Calculated Property
Pc [3614.76; 3800.00] kPa Show Hide
Pc 3800.00 ± 10.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3797.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3793.00 ± 5.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3800.00 ± 60.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3796.00 ± 2.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3796.00 kPa NIST
Pc 3783.85 ± 0.15 kPa NIST
Pc 3797.00 ± 10.13 kPa NIST
Pc 3797.62 ± 24.13 kPa NIST
Pc 3800.00 ± 50.66 kPa NIST
Pc 3784.00 ± 20.27 kPa NIST
Pc 3792.79 ± 6.89 kPa NIST
Pc 3793.00 ± 6.89 kPa NIST
Pc 3796.65 ± 4.05 kPa NIST
Pc Outlier 3614.76 ± 26.66 kPa NIST
Pc 3800.00 ± 101.33 kPa NIST
Ptriple 0.00 ± 0.00 kPa NIST
Ptriple 0.00 kPa NIST
liquid 231.00 J/mol×K NIST
liquid 226.80 J/mol×K NIST
liquid 229.70 J/mol×K NIST
Tboil [272.15; 274.15] K Show Hide
Tboil 272.70 K NIST
Tboil 272.70 K NIST
Tboil 272.70 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 272.70 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 272.60 ± 0.30 K NIST
Tboil 273.75 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 272.15 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 273.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 272.45 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 272.60 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 272.55 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 272.45 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 273.50 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil 273.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.65 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.40 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.75 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.55 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 272.65 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tboil Outlier 274.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.05 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.75 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.75 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.65 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tboil 273.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tc [423.90; 426.35] K Show Hide
Tc 425.10 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 425.12 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 425.18 K NIST
Tc 425.16 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 425.10 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 424.65 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tc 425.16 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tc 425.16 K NIST
Tc 425.12 ± 0.10 K NIST
Tc 425.35 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 425.40 ± 0.40 K NIST
Tc 425.12 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tc 425.37 ± 0.55 K NIST
Tc 425.40 ± 1.11 K NIST
Tc 425.16 ± 0.03 K NIST
Tc Outlier 423.90 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tc Outlier 426.35 ± 0.50 K NIST
Tc Outlier 424.00 ± 1.00 K NIST
Tfus [134.00; 138.15] K Show Hide
Tfus 134.81 ± 0.02 K NIST
Tfus 134.72 ± 0.06 K NIST
Tfus 134.72 ± 0.03 K NIST
Tfus 134.74 ± 0.07 K NIST
Tfus 134.81 ± 0.05 K NIST
Tfus 134.00 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tfus 138.15 ± 2.00 K NIST
Tfus 138.15 ± 1.00 K NIST
Ttriple [134.10; 134.87] K Show Hide
Ttriple 134.86 ± 0.05 K NIST
Ttriple 134.86 K NIST
Ttriple 134.82 ± 0.10 K NIST
Ttriple 134.87 ± 0.08 K NIST
Ttriple 134.10 ± 0.30 K NIST
Ttriple 134.15 ± 0.20 K NIST
Vc [0.25; 0.26] m3/kg-mol Show Hide
Vc 0.26 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.26 ± 0.01 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.26 ± 0.00 m3/kg-mol NIST
Vc 0.26 ± 0.00 m3/kg-mol NIST

Temperature Dependent Properties

Property Value Unit Temperature (K) Source
Cp,gas [110.58; 185.85] J/mol×K [344.90; 692.60] Show Hide
Plot of Ideal gas heat capacity.
Cp,gas 110.58 J/mol×K 344.9 NIST
Cp,gas 114.93 J/mol×K 359.6 NIST
Cp,gas 121.75 J/mol×K 387.5 NIST
Cp,gas 137.99 J/mol×K 451.6 NIST
Cp,gas 154.01 J/mol×K 521.0 NIST
Cp,gas 162.26 J/mol×K 561.3 NIST
Cp,gas 170.33 J/mol×K 600.8 NIST
Cp,gas 185.85 J/mol×K 692.6 NIST
Cp,liquid 129.70 J/mol×K 261.8 NIST
Cp,liquid 132.42 J/mol×K 270.0 NIST
η 0.00 Pa×s 290.92 Joback Calculated Property
ΔfusH 2.07 kJ/mol 107.6 NIST
ΔfusH 4.66 kJ/mol 134.9 NIST
ΔsubH 35.90 kJ/mol 107.0 NIST
ΔvapH [21.00; 27.00] kJ/mol [174.00; 400.00] Show Hide
Plot of Enthalpy of vaporization at a given temperature.
ΔvapH 27.00 kJ/mol 174.0 NIST
ΔvapH 23.90 kJ/mol 234.0 NIST
ΔvapH 23.10 kJ/mol 242.5 NIST
ΔvapH 23.40 kJ/mol 243.5 NIST
ΔvapH 22.39 kJ/mol 272.05 NIST
ΔvapH 21.00 ± 0.08 kJ/mol 272.66 NIST
ΔvapH 22.44 kJ/mol 272.7 NIST
ΔvapH 23.20 kJ/mol 297.0 NIST
ΔvapH 22.90 kJ/mol 307.5 NIST
ΔvapH 22.60 kJ/mol 349.5 NIST
ΔvapH 22.80 kJ/mol 400.0 NIST
ΔfusS 19.06 J/mol×K 107.6 NIST
ΔfusS 34.56 J/mol×K 134.9 NIST
ΔvapS 82.30 J/mol×K 272.05 NIST

Molecular Descriptors

Joback and Reid Groups
-CH2- 2
-CH3 2

Similar Compounds

1-Butyl radical. 2-Butyl radical. Cyclobutyl radical. 3-Pentyl. 1-Pentyl radical. Cyclobutane. 2-Pentyl radical. Pentane. C(CH3)2. Propane. Isopropyl radical. 2-C3H7+. n-Propyl radical. CHCH2CH3. Propane-2-13c.

Find more compounds similar to Butane.

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Outlier This icon means that the value is more than 2 standard deviations away from the property mean.