Chemical Properties of Erythritol (CAS 149-32-6)

Erythritol

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InChI
InChI=1S/C4H10O4/c5-1-3(7)4(8)2-6/h3-8H,1-2H2/t3-,4+
InChI Key
UNXHWFMMPAWVPI-ZXZARUISSA-N
Formula
C4H10O4
SMILES
OCC(O)C(O)CO
Molecular Weight1
122.12
CAS
149-32-6
Other Names
  • 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (2R,3S)-rel-
  • 1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, (R*,S*)-
  • 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroxybutane, (R*,S*)-
  • 2(R),3(S)-1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol
  • Antierythrite
  • C*Eridex
  • Erythrit
  • Erythrite
  • Erythritol, meso-
  • Erythroglucin
  • Erythrol
  • L-Erythritol
  • Lichen sugar
  • NIK 242
  • NSC 8099
  • Paycite
  • Phycitol
  • meso-Erythritol
Sources

Physical Properties

Property Value Unit Source
Δcliquid -2092.80 ± 1.30 kJ/mol NIST
Δcsolid -2118.00 kJ/mol NIST
Δf -569.36 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δfgas -745.37 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δfliquid -910.48 ± 0.54 kJ/mol NIST
Δfus 15.42 kJ/mol Joback Calculated Property
Δsub 140.00 kJ/mol NIST
Δsub 157.00 kJ/mol NIST
Δsub 135.00 kJ/mol NIST
Δvap 93.30 kJ/mol NIST
logPoct/wat -2.31 Crippen Calculated Property
Pc 6740.71 kPa Joback Calculated Property
solid,1 bar 166.50 J/mol×K NIST
solid,1 bar 177.80 J/mol×K NIST
Tboil 603.70 K NIST
Tc 819.90 K Joback Calculated Property
Tfus 390.90 ± 0.20 K NIST
Tfus 391.60 ± 0.20 K NIST
Vc 0.32 m3/kg-mol Joback Calculated Property

Temperature Dependent Properties

Property Value Unit Temperature (K) Source
Cp,gas 248.93 J/mol×K 658.76 Joback Calculated Property
Cp,solid 161.90 J/mol×K 291.7 NIST
Cp,solid 170.70 J/mol×K 303.0 NIST
η 0.00 Pa×s 658.76 Joback Calculated Property
ΔfusH [38.90; 42.36] kJ/mol [381.60; 396.00] Show Hide
Plot of Enthalpy of fusion at a given temperature.
ΔfusH 42.36 kJ/mol 381.6 NIST
ΔfusH 39.40 kJ/mol 390.9 NIST
ΔfusH 38.90 kJ/mol 391.2 NIST
ΔfusH 40.30 kJ/mol 392.2 NIST
ΔfusH 42.36 kJ/mol 396.0 NIST
ΔvapH 93.30 kJ/mol 397.5 NIST
ΔvapH 97.00 ± 1.00 kJ/mol 398.0 NIST
ΔvapH 113.60 ± 1.10 kJ/mol 412.5 NIST
ΔfusS 111.00 J/mol×K 381.6 NIST
ΔfusS 100.80 J/mol×K 390.9 NIST

Molecular Descriptors

Joback and Reid Groups
>CH- 2
-CH2- 2
-OH (alcohol) 4

Similar Compounds

1,2,3,4-Butanetetrol, [S-(R*,R*)]-. 1,2,3-Butanetriol. HOCH2CH(OH)CH2CH2OH. Ribitol. arabinitol. D-Arabinitol. L-Arabinitol. Xylitol. 1,2-Butanediol. 1,2-Butanediol. 2,3-Butanediol. 2,3-Butanediol, (R,R). 1,3-Butanediol. 2,3-Butanediol, (R,S). 1,3-Butanediol.

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